Wapusk National Park of Canada (Churchill)
Located south and east of Churchill, Manitoba's newest national park encompasses 11,475 square kilometres (4,430 square miles) of the Hudson-James Lowlands, and lies in a transition area between the boreal forests of north-central Manitoba and the Arctic tundra. The park is truly remote, with both a harsh terrain and climate.
Wapusk (which means "white bear" in Cree) is home to the world's largest known polar bear materinity denning sites. The park is an important habitat for waterfowl and shorebirds that nest on the Hudson Bay coast in summer, and which gather here to feed during the annual spring and fall migrations. Forty-two species of mammals inhabit the part, including the Cape Churchill caribou herd consisting of over 3,000 animals.
Geographically, the park has a number of unique features: a coastal habitat of salt marshes, dunes, beaches and extensive inter-tidal zone; a tundra zone; a taiga area of stunted white spruce, larch and willows; and a land area half-covered by small lakes, streams, rivers and bogs.
Access to the park is via authorized commerical tour operators in Churchill.